What is the difference between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist? An optometrist is a doctor of optometry who helps people with vision problems (also known as opticians in Sri Lanka). They are experts on how to diagnose, treat, and prevent eye diseases. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors specialised in eye care in Sri Lanka, that have special training in diagnosing, treating, managing or preventing disorders of the eyes or other parts of the visual system. They specialize in ophthalmology and can perform eye surgery. They diagnose and treat cataracts, glaucoma, retina problems, strabismus (crossed eyes) and other vision disorders.
An ophthalmologist is the best doctor to go to if you are concerned about your overall eye health. They can conduct tests to determine any other medical issues that may be causing your symptoms. They will also work closely with your primary care physician and make recommendations for treatment options or lifestyle changes to help improve your general wellness if there are any other underlying issues affecting your eyes. Ophthalmologists diagnose diseases such as those that cause blindness or loss of vision, eyelid abnormalities and diseases that affect the lacrimal glands.
Optometrists diagnose visual problems caused by refractive error (near-sightedness, farsightedness etc), age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma through diagnostic eye testing in Sri Lanka such as dilation pupillary exam, keratometry test, tonometry etc. If you need glasses then you would need to see an optometrist. They will check your level of vision and recommend which strength and type of lenses you will need to get.
If you have any eye-related problems, it is always good to first know whom you should consult, so that you can get the best possible treatment. Always ensure that the person you consult has the right qualifications and is recommend by others, so that you know that your eyes are in good hands.