Warung Tegal Ordinary, also abbreviated as Warteg, is often the mainstay of residents of all walks of life to fill a rumbling stomach. Its existence is not only concentrated in big cities, but also stands in small towns throughout the archipelago (Juanda, 2004). Dishes in warteg are generally simple and do not require very complete kitchen equipment (Hastiyanto, 2010). Fried rice and instant noodles can almost always be found, as well as snacks such as fried bananas, drinks such as coffee, tea and soft drinks. Several Tegal stalls specifically serve several types of food, such as Tegal satay, curry and the Tegal specialty tea pot.
There are many versions that tell about the beginning of the emergence of warteg. Some say warteg appeared when there were many infrastructure development projects in Jakarta in the 1960s. At that time, migrants from Tegal in the capital city began providing culinary services at project sites in the form of project shelters until the term warteg emerged.
The first version is when President Soekarno began ordering the building of Jakarta as the new capital city. As the architect as well as the number one person in Indonesia, Soekarno directly designed the buildings that would fill Jakarta, such as the National Monument, the Semanggi Bridge, the Irian Liberation Monument, and several other roads. The development on a large scale led to sudden immigration, which was mostly carried out by people in Java.
The second version stems from the setting of the Mataram-Batavia upheaval between Sultan Agung and the VOC, where the Tegal residents were deployed as VOC combat soldiers in Batavia (Hastiyanto, 2010). The strongest version comes from the information from the Tegal Warung Cooperative (KOWARTEG). It turns out that warteg already exist in the corners of the city of Tegal in the form of tent stalls just like tent stalls which are generally spread across Indonesia, especially in Java, such as Angkringan in Yogyakarta and Wedangan in Solo (Putra, 2012).
While research from Rinda Asytuti, Lecturer at IAIN Pekalongan explained in her journal entitled Tegal Warung Entrepreneur in Jakarta that the Tegal stall phenomenon is a form of micro-scale gastronomic business in urban or city areas. Gastronomy is a term to describe various things related to the preparation or serving of food. Warteg since its inception has always been closely related to the development of the urban community and the fulfillment of their stomach needs. The gastronomic affairs of the capital are actually not only the name Tegal which is attached to various foods in the capital. Padang people or Minang people are also very strong in terms of the stomach sovereignty of the people of the capital.