Hyperprolactinemia is defined as a health condition in which the prolactin level is abnormally high.
Milk production in females is the primary function of this hormone.
In addition, it plays a role in regulating the work of the immune system, the metabolism process, and regulating the work of the reproductive system in both sexes, but what are the reasons for the rise in the milk hormone in men?
Reasons for high milk hormone in men
The percentage of the milk hormone in men is usually very low, and the following is an explanation of the reasons that led to the high level of this hormone in men:
A prolactinoma is the most common type of pituitary tumor, and its incidence is lower in men than in women.
This benign tumor may cause the production of large amounts of the hormone prolactin, and thus a decrease in the level of testosterone in men, and the reason for the occurrence of this type of tumor is not clear.
The use of certain drugs
Since the production of prolactin is affected by taking medications that affect the production of dopamine, this means that drugs used to treat mental health disorders, hypertension, painkillers can affect the level of prolactin in the body, and drugs that may increase the level of the milk hormone include:
Histamine 2 receptor antagonists or blockers, such as cimetidine.
Antihypertensive drugs, such as verapamil.
Antidepressants, such as desipramine and clomipramine.
Anti-nausea medications such as metoclopramide.
Infection with some diseases
There are some diseases that may lead to an increase in the level of the milk hormone, such as:
belt of fire
An infection, tumor, or injury to the hypothalamus.
Risk factors for high milk hormone
There are certain factors that may increase the risk of developing hyperprolactinemia, such as:
Exposure of the pituitary gland to radiation at a dose of 50 Gy or more.
A second, non-cancerous tumor of the pituitary gland.
Use of certain drugs, such as marijuana and alcohol.
Failure of the thyroid gland to secrete adequate amounts of thyroid hormone, but it is rare for this condition to cause an excess of thyroid hormone.
Prevention of high milk hormone
There are no proven ways to prevent abnormal milk hormone elevation, detecting and treating the causative agent of milk hormone elevation is the best option to prevent milk hormone elevation , and there are some measures that can help prevent milk hormone elevation, such as:
Adjust the diet and reduce exposure to stress and psychological stress.
Limit high-intensity workouts and sports activities that increase pressure on the chest.
Avoid wearing tight clothes that may stimulate the nipples and cause breast pain.
Take dietary supplements rich in vitamin B6, as this vitamin enhances the production of dopamine, which, in turn, reduces the production of the milk hormone.
Take dietary supplements rich in vitamin E, as this vitamin helps prevent the rise of the milk hormone.