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Lets Know the Tips to keep our KIdneys healthy(Kidney Problems are on the Rise!!!)


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abdoulie2021/08/23 17:25
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10% of the population worldwide is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD), and millions die each year because they do not have access to affordable treatment.1 ŸAccording the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, chronic kidney disease was ranked 27th in the list of causes of total number of deaths worldwide in 1990, but rose to 18th in 2010. This degree of movement up the list was second only to that for HIV and AIDs. 2 Over 2 million people worldwide currently receive treatment with dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive, yet this number may only represent 10% of people who actually need treatment to live.3 ŸOf the 2 million people who receive treatment for kidney failure, the majority are treated in only five countries – the United States, Japan, Germany, Brazil, and Italy. These five countries represent only 12% of the world population. Only 20% are treated in about 100 developing countries that make up over 50% of the world population.

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11 tips for preventing kidney failure

Because high blood pressure and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney failure, many of the prevention tips are related to managing these two conditions.

1. Manage your blood sugar

Diabetes increases your risk for heart disease and kidney failure. That’s just one reason to manage your blood sugar.

2. Manage your blood pressure

High blood pressure can increase your risk for heart disease as well as kidney failure.

3. Maintain a healthy weight

Obesity can increase your risk for conditions associated with kidney failure, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

4. Eat a heart-healthy diet

heart-healthy diet — one low in sugar and cholesterol and high in fiber, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables — helps prevent weight gain.

5. Reduce salt intake

Eating too much salt is associated with high blood pressure.

6. Drink enough water

Dehydration reduces blood flow to your kidneys, which can damage them. Ask your doctor how much water you should drink per day.

7. Limit alcohol

Alcohol increases your blood pressure. The extra calories in it can make you gain weight, too.

8. Don’t smoke

Smoking reduces blood flow to your kidneys. It damages kidney function in people with or without kidney disease.

9. Limit over-the-counter pain medication

In high doses, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, reduce the amount of blood flow to your kidneys, which can harm them.

10. Reduce stress

Reducing stress and anxiety can lower your blood pressure, which is good for your kidneys.

11. Exercise regularly

Exercise, such as swimming, walking, and running, can help reduce stress, manage diabetes and high blood pressure, and maintain a healthy weight.

If you think you might have kidney disease, it’s important to see your doctor for evaluation. Getting an early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression to kidney failure.

If you know you have kidney disease, regularly see your doctor to monitor your kidney function. While chronic kidney disease can’t be reversed, its progression can be slowed with appropriate treatment.

What is kidney failure?

Your kidneys can lose up to 90 percent of their function and still do their job pretty well. Losing more than that is considered kidney failure.

There are two types of kidney failure:

Acute kidney failure is a sudden loss of kidney function. It’s usually reversible.

Chronic kidney failure is a gradual loss of kidney function. It gets worse over time and isn’t reversible (but you can slow its progression).

When kidneys fail, waste and extra fluid builds up in your body. This causes the symptoms of kidney failure.

SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY FAILURE

Usually there are no symptoms in early stages of kidney failure. When they do occur, symptoms may include:

confusion

decreased urine output

fatigue

difficulty concentrating

itching

muscle twitches and cramping

metallic taste in your mouth

nausea and vomiting

loss of appetite

seizures

swelling in your body (edema) that starts in your ankles and legs (peripheral edema)

shortness of breath due to fluid buildup in your lungs

weakness (asthenia)

What causes kidney failure?

Acute kidney failure occurs when something causes your kidneys to suddenly stop working. Some of the causes are:

acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)

dehydration

significant blood loss

very low blood pressure

contrast dye used for some imaging tests, like CT or MRI scan

glomerulonephritis (damage to the filtering parts of your kidney) that occurs rapidly

interstitial nephritis (damage to the tubules in your kidney) that occurs rapidly

urinary tract obstruction, such as from a kidney stone or enlarged prostate

over-the-counter pain medications, such as NSAIDs

prescribed medications, including some blood pressure medications at high doses, antibiotics, or cancer medications

other drugs, such as heroincocaine, and amphetamines

Chronic kidney failure occurs when something slowly and progressively damages your kidneys. Causes include:

diabetes

high blood pressure

glomerulonephritis that’s slow and progressive

interstitial nephritis that’s slow and progressive

genetic conditions, such as polycystic kidney disease

autoimmune diseases, such as lupus nephritis and Goodpasture syndrome

chronic or recurrent kidney infection

What are the risks of kidney failure?

Your kidneys do a lot of other things besides filtering your blood. When kidneys fail, they can’t do these jobs, so complications might occur.

RISKS OF KIDNEY FAILUREanemiaheart diseasehigh blood pressurehyperkalemia (high potassium levels in your blood)pericarditis (inflammation of the lining around your heart)malnutritionosteoporosis (weak bones)peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage in your legs)weak immune system

Is there a treatment for kidney failure?

There are treatments for both types of kidney failure. Acute kidney failure can be reversed. Chronic kidney failure progression can be slowed with the right treatment.

In acute kidney failure, the problem is temporary. Your kidneys will start working again once the problem has been treated. Some examples of treatment are:

antibiotics for pyelonephritis

transfusion for blood loss

corticosteroids for immune conditions

intravenous fluids for dehydration

removal of an obstruction

If your kidneys don’t respond to treatment right away, hemodialysis can be done temporarily until they’re working again.

Progressive damage to your kidneys causes chronic kidney failure. Since it can’t be reversed, something else has to take over the work of your kidneys. The options are:

Hemodialysis. A dialysis machine can filter your blood. This can be performed at a dialysis center or at home, but will require a partner.

Peritoneal dialysis. The filtering occurs in your abdomen. This can be done at a center or at home. It doesn’t require a partner’s assistance.

Kidney transplant. A donated kidney is surgically placed in your body.

What to expect if you’re facing kidney failure

Your outlook depends on the type of kidney failure.

If you have chronic kidney failure, your kidneys can’t recover, but you can slow its progression with the right treatment, unless you receive a kidney transplant.

If you have acute kidney failure, your kidneys will most likely recover and start to work again.

The takeaway

Following these tips can help you prevent kidney failure or slow its progression. The most important thing you can do is manage your diabetes and high blood pressure.

Living a healthy lifestyle by eating right, being active, and not smoking is another key to keeping your kidneys healthy.

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